Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Short Sale Guidelines
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Short Sale Guidelines
Yesterday, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced new short sale guidelines for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans. The new guidelines go into effect Nov. 1, 2012. We like most of the new guidelines. The new guidelines “will permit a homeowner with a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage to sell their home in a short sale even if they are current on their mortgage if they have an eligible hardship.” We believe that being able to short sale a home while being current on that home’s mortgage is important. We have had many cases where a short sale was deemed not possible, as per the mortgage servicer, because the homeowner was current on his/her mortgage. We also like that “Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will offer up to $6,000 to second lien holders to expedite a short sale.” At times, it can be nearly impossible to complete a short sale when the second lien holder is different from the first. Hopefully, this new guideline creates an incentive for second lien holders to expeditiously approve short sales.
There is one new guideline that may be an issue for some distressed homeowners looking to complete a short sale: “Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will waive the right to pursue deficiency judgments in exchange for a financial contribution when a borrower has sufficient income or assets to make cash contributions or sign promissory notes: Servicers will evaluate borrowers for additional capacity to cover the shortfall between the outstanding loan balance and the property sales price as part of approving the short sale.” We have seen this done in the past. For some it might make sense to make a financial contribution, but for others it will not make sense to sign a 30 year promissory note or raid their 401k to complete a short sale.
At any rate, this appears to be a move in the right direction. Here are the guidelines ( from the FHFA News Release):
The new guidelines:
- Offer a streamlined short sale approach for borrowers most in need: To move short sales forward expeditiously for those borrowers who have missed several mortgage payments, have low credit scores, and serious financial hardships the documentation required to demonstrate need has been reduced or eliminated.
- Enable servicers to quickly and easily qualify certain borrowers who are current on their mortgages for short sales: Common reasons for borrower hardship are death, divorce, disability, and distant employment transfer or relocation. With the program changes, servicers will be permitted to process short sales for borrowers with these hardships without any additional approval from Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, even if the borrowers are current on their mortgage payments. Borrowers will now qualify for a short sale if they need to relocate more than 50 miles from their home for a job transfer or new employment opportunity.
- Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will waive the right to pursue deficiency judgments in exchange for a financial contribution when a borrower has sufficient income or assets to make cash contributions or sign promissory notes: Servicers will evaluate borrowers for additional capacity to cover the shortfall between the outstanding loan balance and the property sales price as part of approving the short sale.
- Offer special treatment for military personnel with Permanent Change of Station (PCS) orders: Service members who are being relocated will be automatically eligible for short sales, even if they are current on their existing mortgages, and will be under no obligation to contribute funds to cover the shortfall between the outstanding loan balance and the sales price on their homes.
- Consolidate existing short sales programs into a single uniform program: Servicers will have more clear and consistent guidelines making it easier to process and execute short sales.
- Provide servicers and borrowers clarity on processing a short sale when a foreclosure sale is pending: The new guidance will clarify when a borrower must submit their application and a sales offer to be considered for a short sale, so that last minute communications and negotiations are handled in a uniform and fair manner.
- Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will offer up to $6,000 to second lien holders to expedite a short sale. Previously, second lien holders could slow down the short sale process by negotiating for higher amounts.
Long Island Foreclosure Attorneys
If you have any questions about this or other legal issues, feel free to call the Law Firm of Vaughn, Weber & Prakope, PLLC at 516-858-2620 today to speak to an Attorney.
Some of your options:
1. Do something:
-Call your lender and try to arrange a Loan Modification, Refinance, short sale, or Deed-in-Lieu of foreclosure.
-Loan Modification- A Loan Modification is a permanent/temporary change in one or more of the terms of your mortgage loan. Ideally, this will result in a payment you can afford. (You might able to do this yourself).
-Short Sale- A sale of a house for less money than is owed to the lender. Ideally, the lender agrees to accept the proceeds of a short sale and forgives the rest of what is owed. Some lenders are offering a cash incentive to homeowners if they are willing to short sale their home. You will likely need the help of a R.E. Broker & a Real Estate Attorney.
-Deed-in-lieu of Foreclosure- (May only be available after a failed Short Sale attempt). Ideally, the lender accepts ownership of the property in place of the money owed on the mortgage. You will likely need the help of a Real Estate Attorney.
-Consult with an attorney regarding:
-Foreclosure Defenses- Such as a Lack of standing, TILA violations, RESPA violations etc.
-Bankruptcy- Such as Chapter 13- which is a type of “reorganization” used by individuals to pay all or a portion of their debts over a period of years using their current income. The most important thing about a chapter 13 case is that it may allow you to keep your home if you can make the payments which the bankruptcy law requires to be made to your creditors.
-Deficiency Judgments- Generally, a judgment for the amount a homeowner owes the lender after a house is foreclosed upon and sold by the creditor for less than the actual amount still owed.
-Watch this New York State Bar Association video: http://184.108.40.206/peopleslaw/SaveYourHome.htm
2. Do nothing:
-Walk away (OR)
-Stay in your home until you get evicted.
-Pay or go calculator: http://www.payorgo.com/
We believe most people should consider contesting the foreclosure of their home. We were recently successful in getting a foreclosure action stayed. We hope to get it dismissed, or force the lender to do a loan modification.
Mineola Foreclosure Attorneys
Call The Law Firm of Vaughn, Weber & Prakope, PLLC, at 516-858-2620 to speak with a foreclosure defense attorney and/or a bankruptcy lawyer.